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Unveiling Radiance: The Science Behind Medical Chemical Peels for Glowing Skin

Introduction: Welcome to the world of radiant skin! If you've been on a quest for that elusive glow, you're in the right place. In this blog, we'll dive into the science of medical chemical peels, exploring how these skincare treatments can unveil a brighter, more radiant complexion.

Understanding the Basics

A. What is a Chemical Peel?

  • Types of Chemical Peels:

  • Conditions Treated: Acne, Hyperpigmentation, Fine Lines

  • Chemical peels are cosmetic treatments that use various chemical solutions to improve the texture and appearance of the skin. Different types of chemical peels use different chemicals at varying concentrations. The chemicals you mentioned—glycolic acid, pyruvic acid, lactic acid, and mandelic acid—are commonly used in chemical peels. Here's an overview of each:

  1. Glycolic Acid:

  • Source: Derived from sugar cane.

  • Function: Glycolic acid is an alpha hydroxy acid (AHA) that exfoliates the skin by removing the outer layer of dead skin cells. This helps improve skin texture, reduce fine lines, and promote collagen production. It is often used for mild to moderate peels.

  1. Pyruvic Acid:

  • Source: Typically derived from fermented fruits.

  • Function: Pyruvic acid is an alpha-keto acid with properties that make it useful for exfoliating the skin. It helps reduce the appearance of fine lines, wrinkles, and acne scars. It also has some antibacterial properties, making it beneficial for individuals with acne-prone skin.

  1. Lactic Acid:

  • Source: Often derived from sour milk or fermented fruits.

  • Function: Lactic acid is another AHA that exfoliates the skin. It is milder than glycolic acid, making it suitable for individuals with sensitive skin. Lactic acid helps improve skin tone, texture, and hydration. It can be used for mild to moderate peels.

  1. Mandelic Acid:

  • Source: Derived from bitter almonds.

  • Function: Mandelic acid is an alpha hydroxy acid with larger molecular size compared to glycolic and lactic acids. This makes it gentler on the skin, making it suitable for individuals with sensitive skin. It helps improve skin texture, reduce the appearance of fine lines, and has antibacterial properties that can be beneficial for acne-prone skin.

  1. Preparation: Before the chemical peel, the skin is usually cleansed to remove any oils or debris. In some cases, a pre-peel regimen may be recommended to prepare the skin for the procedure.

  2. Application of the Chemical Solution:

  • Superficial Peels: These peels use mild acids (such as alpha hydroxy acids or beta hydroxy acids) to penetrate only the outer layer of the skin (epidermis). Common acids include glycolic acid, salicylic acid, or lactic acid.

  • Medium Peels: This type of peel penetrates the outer and middle layers of the skin (dermis). Trichloroacetic acid (TCA) is often used for medium peels.

  • Deep Peels: These peels penetrate deeper into the dermis. Phenol is a common ingredient for deep peels.

  1. Reaction and Peeling:

  • Superficial Peels: The skin may turn slightly red and peel over the course of a few days to a week.

  • Medium Peels: There may be more pronounced redness and peeling, which can last up to two weeks.

  • Deep Peels: The treated area will likely be red, and the peeling process can take several weeks.

  1. Recovery and Post-treatment Care:

  • After the peeling process, it's crucial to follow specific post-treatment care instructions, which may include applying moisturizers, avoiding sun exposure, and using sunscreen.

  1. Results:

  • The new skin that emerges after the peeling process is typically smoother, with improved texture and reduced imperfections.

B. The Science Behind Chemical Peels

  • Key Ingredients: Alpha Hydroxy Acids (AHAs), Beta Hydroxy Acids (BHAs), and more

  • Consultation and Skin Type Assessment will take place on the day of your appointment.

The Benefits of Chemical Peels

A. Radiant Skin: The Ultimate Goal

  • Improved Skin Texture

  • Reduction of Fine Lines and Wrinkles

  • Fading of Hyperpigmentation and Dark Spots

  • Acne and Blemish Control

B. Boosting Collagen Production

  • The Role of Collagen in Skin Health

  • How Chemical Peels Stimulate Collagen Synthesis

The Procedure

A. Preparing for a Chemical Peel

  • Consultation with a Skin Professional - Clinical Aestetician

  • Pre-Peel Skincare Routine

  • Sun Protection and Aftercare

B. The Peel Process

  • Application and Duration

  • Sensation During the Peel:

  • Chemical peels are cosmetic procedures that involve the application of a chemical solution to the skin, which causes the outer layer to peel off. These peels are used to improve the appearance of the skin on the face, neck, or hands. The sensations experienced during and after a chemical peel can vary depending on the depth of the peel and individual tolerance levels. Here are some common sensations associated with chemical peels:

  1. Burning or Tingling Sensation: During the application of the chemical solution, individuals often experience a burning or tingling sensation on the skin. This is usually temporary and is a result of the chemicals reacting with the skin's top layer.

  2. Redness: After the peel, the treated skin may appear red, similar to a sunburn. The intensity of the redness can vary depending on the depth of the peel. Superficial peels may cause less redness compared to deeper peels.

  3. Peeling or Flaking: As the name suggests, peeling is a common sensation during the recovery phase. The outer layer of skin that was treated with the chemical solution will eventually peel off, revealing new, smoother skin underneath. This peeling process can last several days to a week, depending on the type and depth of the peel.

  4. Sensitivity: The treated skin may be more sensitive than usual, especially to sunlight. It's important to use sunscreen and avoid excessive sun exposure during the healing process.

  5. Tightness: Some people may experience a feeling of tightness in the skin as it heals. This is a normal part of the recovery process and typically resolves as the new skin emerges.

  6. Itching: Itching is a common sensation during the healing phase. It's essential not to scratch the treated area to avoid disrupting the healing process or causing irritation.

  7. Swelling: Depending on the depth of the peel, individuals may experience mild swelling, especially in the first day or two after the procedure. This is usually temporary.

  8. Discomfort or Pain: Some discomfort or pain may be present during and after the peel, but this can often be managed with over-the-counter pain relievers and prescribed medications, if necessary.

Safety Considerations

A. Choosing a Qualified Professional

  • Importance of a Clinical Aestetician or Skincare Professional

  • Risks and Side Effects

B. Post-Peel Skincare

  • Sun Protection: A Must

  • Recommended Skincare Products

  • Follow-Up Appointments


Embarking on the journey to radiant skin through medical chemical peels is not just a cosmetic decision; it's a scientific approach to skin health. By understanding the process, benefits, and safety considerations, you can make informed choices to achieve that coveted glow. Remember, radiant skin is not just a trend; it's a reflection of your skin's vitality and well-being. So, are you ready to unveil the radiance within?

Exquisite Skin by Sally Park, is here to guide you on this transformative skincare journey. Book your consultation today and let your radiant skin story begin!

Note: Bookings by appointment only.

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